July 2016

When To Upgrade Your Discount Golf Clubs

Golf requires players to invest hard earned money in a set of clubs. This is often done to improve one’s game.  Despite this, some golfers choose to upgrade their clubs every so often.  Without such upgrades, golfers are not able to improve their game as much as they want because they are stuck with the same equipment which only limits the growth of their swing. These people do not change their clubs for the fear of dropping a huge amount of money on them. This should not be the case all the time.  There are still golf clubs out there that combine quality with affordable pricing.  Discount golf clubs are usually available at lower prices without sacrificing quality.

Below are several signs every golfer needs to take into consideration when upgrading golf clubs.

Firstly, if one’s golf game has changed, it usually is a sign that he needs to head down to the discount golf clubs store and purchase a better, more fitting set. According to ebay.com for example, if players see that they are getting better, they might want to purchase clubs that are heavier and have a lot more substance to add more momentum to their improvement.

Golf EquipmentSecondly, it is a sign that a golf player should look for newer discount golf clubs when he has bought his or her last set at least three years ago. According to an article from ebay.com, technology in golf is always changing and new techniques are used to make each newer generation of golf clubs. Due to this, experts say that a golfer should not wait longer than three years to upgrade his equipment. If a player does not feel like spending a large amount of money on a new set of clubs, then he always has the option of purchasing golf clubs at discount prices, which are just as new in terms of value.

Thirdly, it is another sign that a player should change his or her golf clubs would be his age. As a golfer ages, he may become weaker, and as such will need clubs with more flex in their shaft to accommodate their lack of strength. A more flexible shaft delivers more of a punch when it strikes the ball, making strength less of an issue with seniors or older players. Many flexible discount golf clubs that are very much up to date with this technology are available in online stores.

GolfLastly, probably the last sign that you should head down to the discount golfing store to replace one’s precious golf clubs is wear and tear. Wear and tear is something inevitable with golf clubs. Regardless of the care a golfer puts into the club, it will still deteriorate slowly. Grooves on the club face get smoother, the grip loses its roughness, the shaft starts to crack and too many abrasions and scratches appear. As such, this is probably a normal sign that a golfer must replace his or her golf clubs very soon.  Of course, wear and tear depends on how frequently the golf clubs are used.  The more you play golf using your clubs, the more you will wear them down, and the sooner you will have to go and buy a replacement set.   If you play regularly, you might want to save up for the cost of buying a new set of golf clubs.

Most golfers think that they should change their clubs only after a long time. However, the signs in this article clearly state otherwise. One of the reasons why golfers feel it is unnecessary to change their clubs is because of the costs of buying such equipment. Golf is an expensive sport. However, there are solutions to this problem. One such solution that golfers can turn to is purchasing high quality discount golf clubs. Having said this, golfers should take into consideration the signs mentioned in this article and not be hesitant to change their golf clubs when they see the need signs.

PCB Fabrication Process

A Printed Circuit Board (PCB) electrically connects electronic components by making conductive pathways, pads and other elements etched from a copper sheet, which is laminated onto a non-conducting substrate. The PCB fabrication process involves several steps such as etching, drilling, plating, solder resist and testing. In manufacturing our boards, we always use high-class materials to guarantee that the finished products meet your company’s specifications.

Advantages Of PCB Over Bread Board

• Our PCBs have far higher density than regular bread boards.

• The design of a PCB is more reliable than that of a bread board. The circuit will not crumble and it looks neater without wires popping out from every corner.

• With a PCB, you can precisely control the circuit component you’re using, and you can easily incorporate odd-shaped components. This is difficult to do if you’re using a bread board.

• Production of huge volumes of PCBs is less expensive and you can employ automated machines for the soldering to make the entire process easier and less time-consuming.

After deciding on the type of electronic circuit that you wish to build on the board, you will have to create a board design on a PC prior to the actual PCB fabrication. There are several software that you can use to help you with the designing process. It is important to note that since you’re looking at the board from the top view, all elements of the design must be done in reverse. If you’re designing a circuit, the layout on the board must have a 360-degree flip.

PCB Fabrication Process

After you’re done with the design, you will then have to print the layout you made, preferably with a laser printer. Be mindful of the type of printing paper you’re about to use. Although a bit costly, gloss transparent photo paper are considered the most appropriate for this process.

You also have to ensure that each component is properly fitted onto the print. You may first copy the print on an ordinary photo paper then lay all the components down. Make sure the size of your layout fits the size of the board. Use the highest resolution for the print and never use any color other than black. Increase color contrast and make sure that the actual print is darker and thicker. Once the print comes out, don’t take it right away. Wait until the ink completely dries out.

PCBLeave some blank areas when cutting the layout. Place the layout on the board and apply heat and pressure by pressing a moderately hot iron box over it. After a few minutes, the layout will be attached to the paper and the board, and you will have to remove the paper so it gets attached to the board permanently. You can remove the paper by soaking it in water for 2-3 hours. Once taken out of water, you can use your finger to rub and remove all the remaining bits of paper off the board.

Etching Process

The etching process is a necessary step of PCB fabrication. This process is done to eliminate excess copper after putting on a mask, leaving behind only the required copper tracks.

All PCBs are built by affixing a layer of copper on top of the substrate. In some occasions, the copper can be bound on both sides. There are various etching methods that you can use, but the most popular is chemical etching, wherein you can use either hydrochloric acid or ferric chloride.


Attaching components onto the multi-layered board can only be accomplished by means of VIAS drilling. Small bits of drill made of tungsten are used during this process. To punch the through-holes, a dremel drill is usually used. However, for huge volume of board production, automated drilling equipment are more efficient.

Conductor Plating

Some parts of the board don’t allow soldering of components. This is usually the copper connections or parts where components are positioned. To solder the components on it, you need to plate the surface with conductors such as tin, nickel or gold.

Solder Resist

Other parts where soldering is not allowed are those with solder resist substance. It’s chiefly a polymer covering that serves to prevent the solder from creating traces and shortcuts to other component leads.


The whole process of PCB fabrication will not be complete without testing the boards. We always test our PCBs for quality control prior to taking them out of the factory. We employ different testing methods, including CT scanning, Rigid-Needle Adaptor, Bed of Nails, and so on. All our tests essentially involve a computer program that will instruct electrical test units to apply a slight voltage to contact points, and attest that a particular voltage is present at its proper contact point.

PCB Fabrication

Above are the basic steps to follow PCB fabrication. Depending on the type of device that we use, we also apply other steps, such as using SMT or Surface Mount Technology. This is to ensure that our clients get satisfied with our services.